What is Acne, the cause and how to treat it !

What is Acne
Almost everyone may have acne. Acne is usually found on the face, shoulders, back and chest. These skin problems can cause emotional stress and can leave acne scars. The faster you treat it, the lower your risk of experiencing these emotional and physical effects.

Acne is a skin problem that is often experienced by both men and women. The appearance of acne on the face is often considered a serious problem because it interferes with one's appearance and confidence.

What causes acne?

The following are 4 main causes of acne:

  • Production of oil on the skin
  • Dead skin cells
  • Clogged pores
  • Caused by bacteria


Your oil glands secrete oil that is beneficial to your face and hair.  However, when producing oil on excessive skin it can cause the pores of your skin to become clogged. If the pores are infect with bacteria, inflammation will occur and acne will form.

What are the choices of acne medications that I can use?

Acne medication will be given according to the symptoms. Medication for acne is given in a therapy that has certain periods of time and rules.

Sometimes your doctor will combine several approaches to treat effectively and avoid "drug tolerance", because bacteria on acne medications can be resistant to drugs. You can treat zits using creams and medications.

For mild acne (whiteheads or small reds), therapy that can be done is:


  • Wash your face with warm water and a mild facial cleanser.
  • Use moisturizers containing benzoyl peroxide.
  • Use moisturizers containing salicylic acid.


If the above method has no effect, you should go to the doctor. Your doctor will prescribe drugs that are stronger for your skin. Your doctor can prescribe an antibiotic cream to treat your acne.

For red, swollen and worse pimples, you can:


  • Using benzoyl peroxide.
  • Ask your doctor if you have purulent acne.
  • Use antibiotic cream or from a doctor's prescription.
  • Using retinoids.
  • Using azelaic acid.


Oral antibiotics or retinoids (isotretinoin) from a doctor's prescription. This is a therapy that is usually used if the above method is not effective, because retinoids and antibiotics have side effects. You are not advised to take this medicine without the doctor's advice.

Sometimes acne should be treated with combination drugs topical and oral. This skin problem often leaves marks. Therefore, your doctor can prescribe a combination of cream and oral medication to prevent acne scars.

There are several methods for removing acne scars such as laser therapy and ointment. Consult your doctor for more information and appropriate therapy for acne scars.

Most acne therapy is done for 6-8 weeks. Some methods can aggravate your acne before you recover. Some birth control pills are believed to be effective acne medications, because they help control acne. Birth controlpills control androgen levels in your body, the hormone that causes acne. Consult your doctor for the right therapy for you.

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